The term posture is used to describe how your body is positioned when you’re sitting, standing and lying down. The importance of posture is pertinent for a number of reasons, including that it places your body in an alignment where the stress on supporting ligaments, tendons and muscles is limited. Improper posture means you’re in a position where your muscles and ligaments are unable to work as they’re intended. Poor posture can be due to weak core muscles, which prevent you from holding your torso and hips in proper alignment. It can also be caused by tight muscles, a common issue for those who sit long hours throughout the day. Other causes include obesity, pregnancy and wearing high-heeled shoes and long term poor posture effects include problems with bodily systems such as digestion and breathing.
Regularly incorporating yoga or other similar exercises can help build strength and improve flexibility in postural muscles so that you’re better able to maintain proper spine curvatures. If you find that you hunch forward at the shoulders, incorporate the locust and cobra poses to strengthen your trapezius and rhomboids in your upper and mid-back. The locust pose involves lying on your stomach with your arms by your side and lifting both your shoulders and legs at the hips off the floor. The cobra pose is performed from a front-lying position as well. Place your hands flat on the floor outside your hips and push your shoulders and chest off the floor until your torso is vertical. If long hours of sitting has caused your hip flexors to become tight and thus your lower back to arch, add lunges and the warrior pose to your regimen. In addition, add crunches to strengthen the abdominals, which will reduce your pelvis from tilting forward.

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